# Energy Efficient Heating And Cooling

## 17 of the 241 coal-fired power plants in the U.S.

When considering how to save money on energy costs or reduce the carbon footprint of your home, switching to energy efficient heating and cooling systems is the single most impactful change you can make. Over 50% of a home’s energy use goes into making the air in our living spaces comfortable. If everyone in the United States, switched from outdated heating and cooling technology, to highly efficient and electric heat pump technology, we would eliminate over 390 million tons of CO₂ emissions per year.

##### Explore articles

Cost and carbon footprint can vary greatly depending on the heating option you choose! With muddy data and inconsistent specifications from one technology to the next, it’s difficult to get to a side-by-side comparison. We did the math for you!

 Electric Baseboard Heating Hydronic Baseboard Heating Ducted Gas Furnace (95% Efficient) Ducted Gas Furnace (80% Efficient) Ducted Electric Furnace Ducted Heat Pump Ductless Mini-Splits + Heat Pump Approx. Cost of Unit \$698 \$2,048 \$1,730 \$1,373 \$1,499 \$5,055 \$3,586 Heat Rating (btu/hour) 51,180 51,200 60,000 60,000 68,242 30,800 36,000 Annual Operating Cost \$1,985 \$1,985 \$1,029 \$1,222 \$1,985 \$787 \$616 Total Cost over 10 Years \$20,548 \$21,898 \$12,020 \$13,593 \$21,349 \$12,925 \$9,746 Pounds of CO2/year 12,052 12,052 5,961 7,079 12,052 4,784 3,740

Table calculations are based off of how much energy it takes to produce approximately the same amount of heat (assumed heating needs of approx. 400,000 btus per winter day for an average 2,000 sf home).

### How Heat Pumps Work

#### Ducted Heat Pumps

An outside heat pump can replace any furnace in a traditional forced-air heating system.

#### Ductless, Mini-Splits

Mini-splits are a fantastic, easy-to-install option if your home does not have a ducted air system.